Maui Historical Tours
Maui has a rich history dating back to the 4th century A.D. with the arrival of the first Polynesians. Upwards of a million Hawaiians were living and thriving when the first European explorers stumbled onto our shores. Lahaina was the Capital of the Kingdom of Hawai'i, as well as the Winter-Haven of the American Pacific Whaling Fleet. American Missionaries come to do good, their descendants do very well. Hawai'i Governance - Tribal, Kingdom, Republic, Annexation, U.S. Territory, WWII, Statehood, Present.
Moku'ula Royal Compound * Lahaina Historical Sites * Haleki'i-Piihana Heiau * Bailey House Museum * 'Iao Valley * Kepaniwai * Story of Hawai'i Museum * Pu'unene Sugar Museum
On the Akina Historical Custom Tour you will discover Hawaii’s history from past to present.
The Hawaiian Islands have a profound history dating back to the 4th century AD with the arrival of the first Polynesians by canoe from the Marquesas Islands. Later more Polynesians made the crossing from Tahiti. More than a million Hawaiians were living in Hawaii when the first explorers arrived by boat. Captain James Cook from the British Royal Navy was the first European to make contact with the Islands on January 18, 1778 when he arrived in Kauai. Only one year later, Cook was killed in a confrontation on the Big Island.
Between 1791 and 1810, King Kamehameha I conquered other islands and united them into one Kingdom. On Maui, King Kamehameha is known for the battle of Kepaniwai fought in 1790 between the Big Island and Maui. The battle took place in the famous Iao Valley. The battle was fought for three days and the Iao Valley River is said to have run red.
From 1820 to 1845, Lahaina was the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii, ruled over by King Kamehameha III. The first Christian Missionaries also arrived in 1820, along with traders. Over the years, these foreign visitors brought with them diseases such as measles, chicken pox, polio and tuberculosis that killed about 76% of the Native Hawaiian population.
In 1891, Hawaii’s last ruler, Queen Liliuokalani, began her reign. Just two years later, the Americans who were controlling Hawaii’s sugar based economy, imprisoned her in the Iolani Palace and overthrew the monarchy. In 1898, under President William McKinley, the United States officially annexed the Hawaiian Islands and commenced complete economic integration. According to a U.S. census, by 1920 there were only 24,000 Native Hawaiians left. Hawaii became the 50th state in 1959.
Among some of the frequent historical sites on Maui visited by the Akina Tours are the Moku'ula Royal Compound, Haleki'i-Piihana Heiau, Bailey House Museum, Iao Valley, Story of Hawai'i Museum and the Pu'unene Sugar Museum.
The Moku'ula Royal Compound is a sacred one-acre sandbar surrounded by a freshwater pond located in Lahaina. It was home to the high chiefs in the 16th century and in the 19th century, it was the royal residence for the Kamehameha's. Today the Moku'ula is undergoing a restoration and revival project to be completed over the next decade.
The Haleki'i-Piihana Heiau is a ten-acre park containing two luakini heiau in present day Wailuku town. Luakini heiau are sacred structures where human and animal sacrifices were made in ancient times. Two famous chiefs lived in the Haleki'i and Piihana heiau. The original structure, Piihana is thought to have been built as early as 1260 and was later expanded. The second heiau, Haleki'i, was built to replicate Piihana in 1958. In 1778, King Kamehameha I’s wife Queen Keōpūolani was born at this sacred site.
The Story of Hawaii Museum and the Pu'unene Sugar Museum in Central Maui perfectly complement this historical Maui tour. The Story of Hawaii Museum is located in the Kaahumanu Shopping Mall and provides in depth explanations of the Polynesian migration up to the 21st century. The owners have also collect and display Hawaiian maps. Admission is $10. The Alexander and Baldwin Sugar Museum is located next to the largest working sugar mill on the island in Pu'unene. This is the last year that Hawaii’s sugar cane industry will be active, making it a great time to learn about the end of an era. The museum houses exhibits on Maui’s history. You can also learn about plantations workers, immigration to Hawaii and the influence of the sugar cane industry on Maui’s development over the years. Admission is $7.
Not many know that the Hawaiian Islands have a rich history dating all the way back to the 4th century AD. We’ll tell you all about the Island's history, population and economy.
If you have an interest in discovering Maui’s hidden past, book the Akina Historical Tour for your on group of private tour today!